Jaws Word and Internet Commands with Examples
April 8, 2018
JAWS for Windows is a powerful screen reading program that can be configured to speak based on the user's personal preferences. I will start by explaining the screen reading commands, and then show how JAWS can be used in Microsoft Word and on the Internet. I will end with some of the new features that have been added in JAWS 2018.
In addition to JAWS commands, it is important to know Windows commands as well as Commands and procedures for use in Microsoft Word. For this reason, I have included techniques for use in Microsoft Word such as creation of a Table of Contents from headings.
Keyboard Help: INSERT+1. This is a toggle key. The first time you press it, it turns on keyboard help. Press it a second time to turn off keyboard help. When keyboard help is turned on, you can press any key or JAWS command to learn its function.
Say Window Title: Insert+T. Speaks the title of the document or web page that you are on, and also lets you know which application is running. For this reason, it is often referred to as the “Where Am I” command.
Say Character: Numpad 5. Speaks the character under the cursor. If you tap Numpad5 twice quickly, it speaks the military rendering. This is helpful if you didn’t understand the character spoken; for example, whether JAWS said B or D.
Say Prior Character: Left Arrow.
Say Next Character: Right Arrow.
Say Word: Insert+Numpad 5. Speaks the word where the cursor is located.
Spell Word: Insert+Numpad 5 pressed twice quickly. Spells the word where the cursor is located.
Say Prior Word: Insert+Left Arrow. Moves left one word and speaks it.
Say Next Word: Insert+Right Arrow. Moves right one word and speaks it. It can be used to move through a document one word at a time.
Say Current Line: Insert+Up Arrow. Speaks the line that you are on. It is used in Microsoft Word, in Windows and on the Internet. It speaks the line that has focus.
Say Prior Line: Up Arrow. Moves up one line and speaks it. You can use either the standard Up Arrow key, or the Numpad Up Arrow which is the 8 key on the number pad.
Say Next Line: Down Arrow. Moves down one line and speaks it. You can use either the standard Down Arrow key, or the NumPad Down Arrow which is the 2 key on the number pad.
Say Sentence: Alt+Numpad 5. Reads the current sentence. This is very helpful when you are trying to determine whether your sentence is correct grammatically.
Say Prior Sentence: Alt+Up Arrow. Moves to the prior sentence and speaks it.
Say Next Sentence: Alt+Down Arrow. Moves to the next sentence and speaks it. This is helpful when proofreading a document.
Say Paragraph: Control+Numpad 5. Reads the current paragraph.
Say Prior Paragraph: Control+Up Arrow. Moves to the previous paragraph and speaks it.
Say Next Paragraph: Control+Down Arrow. Moves to the next paragraph and speaks it. Allows you to quickly skim through documents.
Say from beginning of line to Cursor: Insert+Home. Reads from the beginning of the line to the cursor position. To execute this command with one hand, press the JAWS key with your thumb and use your index finger to press the Home key on the NumPad, (Home is the 7 key on the number pad).
Application. Suppose that you are typing something and are interrupted by a phone call. The Insert+Home command allows you to quickly determine where you left off.
Say from Cursor to end of line: Insert+Page Up. Reads the text from the cursor position to the end of the current line. For this command, use the Page Up key on the number pad which is Numpad 9. This keystroke will alert you if there is text to the right of the cursor.
Say All: Insert+Down Arrow. Reads through a document without stopping. Reading will continue until you reach the bottom of the document, or until you tap the Control key to stop reading. Use the JAWS key with the Down Arrow on the number pad.
The following commands allow you to control the JAWS speech rate on the fly. You can also use JAWS to rewind, fast forward, and track different cursors.
Increase Voice Rate during say all: Page Up. This command can be used to quickly increase speech rate as you are reading.
Decrease Voice Rate during say all: Page Down. This command decreases speech rate while JAWS is reading.
Increase Voice Rate when not in say all: Alt+Control+Page Up. Increases speech rate when you are not reading. This is a temporary rate increase. When you change to another application, the speech rate will return to the default.
Decrease Voice Rate when not in say all: Alt+Control+Page Down.
Restore Normal Voice Settings: Insert+Escape. This keystroke refreshes the screen, and also returns the JAWS speech rate to the default. As of the March 2018 update, Insert+Escape will unmute the sound card if it has been muted.
Increase speech rate and save settings permanently: Ctrl+Windows+Alt+Page Up. This is a quick way to increase the speech rate and set it as the new default.
Decrease speech rate and save settings permanently: Ctrl+Windows+Alt+Page Down.
Skip to the next unit when in say all: Press Right Arrow. If you are reading continuously, this keystroke skips to the next line, sentence, or paragraph depending on how the Say All reading unit is set. The default setting for JAWS is to read all lines without pauses when in Say All or continuous reading mode. Thus, if you tap the Right Arrow while reading continuously, JAWS will skip to the next line and continue reading. Continue pressing Right Arrow while reading to quickly skim through a document.
Note. To change the reading unit, press Insert+F2 and then arrow down to the Jaws Settings Center and press Enter. Press Down Arrow one time to get out of the Search field. Navigate down through the tree view until you get to the Say All options. Or, you can just press the letter V until you get to Say All options. Here, arrow down to the Say All Section and press Right Arrow to open the tree view. Select the “Say All Reads By,” option and use the Spacebar to cycle through the available options. When you get to the option that you want, press Enter to accept it.
Skip to the prior unit when in “say all” mode: Press Left Arrow. This keystroke lets you hear the last line spoken without requiring you to stop continuous reading.
Interrupt Speech: Press Control. If you are in “Say all” mode, you can tap the Control key to stop reading.
PC Cursor: Numpad Plus. Turns on the PC cursor, which is the default reading and editing cursor for JAWS. When you are working in a program like Microsoft Word, the PC cursor is sometimes referred to as the writing cursor, because it highlights the point where you are editing.
JAWS Cursor: Numpad Minus. Turns on the JAWS cursor. The Minus key is at the top right of the number pad on a standard full-sized keyboard. The JAWS cursor has a lower pitch, and it actually moves the mouse around on the screen. For this reason, it is sometimes called the Mouse cursor. It lets you read things on the screen without moving the PC cursor. It also lets you read portions of the screen that you cannot get to with the standard PC cursor. For example, the JAWS cursor allows you to read items that are located on the Menu bar or toolbars.
Route JAWS to Pc: Insert+Numpad Minus. Turns on the JAWS cursor, and moves it to the location of the PC cursor.
Route Pc to JAWS Cursor: Insert+Numpad Plus. Moves the PC cursor to the position of an item that was located while browsing with the JAWS cursor. This command can only move the PC cursor to a location that is accessible to it.
Say Current Hot Key: Press Numpad 5 when on a menu item. Speaks the hot key that will open a menu or dialog.
Application. Press Alt+F to open the File menu in Microsoft Word and arrow down to the Save As dialog. Press Numpad5; JAWS will say the letter A. This tells you that, any time you are in a Microsoft Word document, you can press Alt+F followed by the letter A to quickly open the Save As dialog.
Say Default button when in a dialog: Press Insert+E when a dialog is open. For example, if you have made changes to a Word document and press Control+F4 to close the document, or Alt+F4 to close the program, JAWS will ask you if you want to save the changes. To hear the default button, press Insert+E. JAWS will say Yes. Now you know that, if you press Enter, you will save the changes that were made to the document. Insert+E can be used to determine the default button in many Windows dialogs.
Open Combo Box: Alt+Down Arrow. This is most often used to open a combo box on the Internet. For example, suppose that you are filling out a form on the Internet and come to a combo box that is used to select your state. Pressing Alt+Down arrow will open the combo box. By way of example, arrow down to California so that it will be selected; use the Tab key to continue moving through the dialog. After selecting an item, you can also close the combo box by pressing Alt+Up Arrow.
Close Combo Box: Alt+Up Arrow. This closes a combo box and selects the item that you have selected using the arrow keys.
Screen Sensitive Help: Insert+F1. Brings up a description of the document or application along with a short list of shortcuts that are available. You can review the description using your arrow keys. When done reviewing the description, press the Escape key to return to the point where you were working.
Read Word in Context: Insert+C. This is used most often with the Spell checker in Microsoft Word or Outlook. For example, press F7 to start the spell checker. If the program finds a misspelled word, the word will be spoken, followed by a suggested spelling. To hear the context, press Insert+C. JAWS will read the sentence in which the misspelled word was located.
JAWS Help for Applications: Press Insert+f1 twice quickly. If you are in an application like Microsoft Word, pressing Insert+F1 twice quickly will open the JAWS Applications Help program. JAWS will say “Topic Word”. Press the F6 key to get to a document pane that is actually like a web page. You can then press the H key to move through headings. Or press Insert+Down Arrow, (the Say All command), to read all of the JAWS information available for the Microsoft Word application. Pressing F6 returns you to the tree view where you can use your arrow keys to select another application for which there is JAWS help. When done, press Alt+F4 to close the help program and return to the application in which you were working.
Hotkey help: Insert+H. This opens the virtual viewer and gives a quick overview of JAWS hot keys that are available for the application in which you are working. You can use your arrow keys or the Say All command, (Insert+Down Arrow), to read about the JAWS keystrokes that are available. Press the Escape key to close the virtual viewer and return to the application in which you were working.
Window Keys Help: Insert plus W. This command opens the virtual viewer and provides a list of the application shortcut keys for the program that you are running. For example, press Insert+W while in Microsoft Word. A window will come up that contains a list of all of the Microsoft Word shortcut keys. When you are done reading about the shortcut keys available in Microsoft Word, press the Escape key to close the virtual viewer and return to the document.
JAWS window: Insert + J. Opens a Context menu with JAWS setup options if JAWS has been set to run in the System tray. Otherwise, it brings focus to the JAWS program window. If JAWS is set to appear in the system tray, pressing Insert+J opens a context menu where you can change JAWS settings. Just press Escape to close this list. If JAWS is not in the System Tray, pressing Insert+J opens the JAWS Window where you can use the menus to change options. If you are in the JAWS Window, you can press Windows+M to minimize the JAWS Window and return to the Desktop if using Windows 7. If you are using Windows 10, it is best to use Windows+D to return focus to the Desktop.
Quick Settings: Insert plus v. Allows you to change JAWS settings for an application. Select the setting that you want to change, and then press the Spacebar to change it. When done, press Enter to activate the OK button and close the JAWS quick settings window.
When you are browsing the Internet, there is no editing cursor. So JAWS uses a virtual cursor for navigation. All screen reading commands interact with the “virtual cursor.” Thus, Insert+Up Arrow reads the line on which the virtual cursor is located.
Application. Suppose that you are on the Internet and some descriptive text is not spoken by the virtual PC cursor. Press Insert+Numpad Minus to route the JAWS cursor to the position of the virtual PC cursor. Use standard movement commands to move around the screen until you locate the descriptive text. When done, press Numpad Plus to return to the virtual PC cursor.
Following, are commands and keystrokes that you can use when browsing the Internet.
Move to next or previous link: Press the Tab key to move to the next link. Press Shift+Tab to move to the previous link. When you get to the link that you want, press Enter to activate it.
List the links on a Page: Press Insert+F7. Once in the list, use your up or down arrow keys to move through the links. If you know the name of the link that you are looking for, you can press the first letter of the link to move to it quickly; then press Enter to activate it.
When you are in the list of links, you can press Tab one time followed by Enter to move to the link without activating it. When you are in the links list, pressing Home will move you to the first link on the page. Pressing End will move you to the last link on the page.
List the headings on a Page: Press Insert+F6. All of the headings will be placed in a vertical list. Use your arrow keys to select a heading. You can then press Enter on any heading in the list to move quickly to that heading. If the heading is also a link, pressing Enter will activate the link. When you are in the headings list, pressing Home will move you to the first heading on the page. Pressing End will move you to the last heading on the page.
List all of the Form fields on a Page: Press Insert+F5 to list all of the form Controls. Once in the list, you can press Home to go to the first control on the page, or you can press end to move to the last control.
Move to the next or previous Heading: Press the letter H to move to the next heading, or pressShift+H to move to the previous heading.
Move to the next or previous Form Field: Press the letter F to move to the next form field, or press Shift+F to move to the previous form field.
Move to the Next or Previous Table: Press the letter T to move to the next table. Pressing Shift+T will move you to the previous table. Once in a table, you can hold down the Alt and Control keys and then navigate around the table as follows:
Move right one cell: Control+Alt+Right Arrow.
Move Left one cell: Control+Alt+Left Arrow.
Move down one row: Control+Alt+Down Arrow.
Move Up one Row: Control+Alt+Up Arrow.
Move Down One Row and read across the columns: Press Windows+Alt+Down Arrow. This is a very good way to review a list of new commands that are displayed in tabular format.
Enter Table Mode: Insert+Spacebar followed by the letter T. In this mode, you can press Up, Down, Left or Right Arrow to move through the cells in a table. Also, you cannot inadvertently move outside of the table. Press Escape when done reviewing the table.
Add Custom label to a link or graphic: Control+Insert+Tab. Allows you to add a custom label to a link or control on the internet. For example, you can add a label to a link or form field that is not being spoken.
Create temporary PlaceMarker on web page: Press Control+Windows+K. When you return to the page, press Control+Shift+K and then press Spacebar to select the temporary PlaceMarker. Now, press Enter to quickly move to the position of the place marker. You can have one temporary PlaceMarker per page. To remove the PlaceMarker, press Control+Shift+K, select the Placemarker; then Tab to the Remove button and press Enter.
List PlaceMarkers on current web page: Press Control+Shift+K. To add a PlaceMarker, press the Tab key to get to the Add button; then press Spacebar and type a name for your Placemarker; then press Enter. Pressing Control+Shift+K will now display the new Placemarker in the list for that page.
Suppose that you come to a link that says MouseOver. Press CTRL+Insert+Enter. JAWS will say the line number where text has changed. Press the letter J for Jump To, followed by the line number that was spoken. When done reading the MouseOver text, press Shift+J to return to the link. Pressing Enter, at this point, will activate the link.
To learn more about using Internet with JAWS, do the following.
Press Insert+J and then open the JAWS Help submenu.
Arrow down to the Web Resources submenu and press Enter.
Arrow down to the Surfing the Internet option and press Enter. You will be taken to the JAWS Internet training page, “Surfing the Internet.”
Open JAWS Manager Dialog: Insert+F2. This brings up a list of the managers available for JAWS. For example, there is a dictionary manager that can be used to change the way that JAWS pronounces a word. This can be used to change the way in which JAWS pronounces a proper name.
Shut Down JAWS: Insert+F4 followed by Enter. Unloads JAWS. You can press the Escape key to cancel the process if you do not wish to unload JAWS
It is a good idea to assign a keystroke such as Alt+Control+J to the JAWS icon on your desktop.
Locate the JAWS icon on your desktop. Press Alt+Enter to open shortcut properties, or do a right mouse click and open Properties from the context menu. Tab to the hot key field, and type the letter J. Now, tab to the Apply button and press the Spacebar, or click the Apply button with your mouse. Now, tab to the OK button, and press the Spacebar; or click the OK button with your mouse. After this, if you unload JAWS you can press Alt+Control+J to run it again.
Minimize All Applications and bring focus to the desktop: Press Windows+D. If you are in an application like Word, pressing Windows+D will take you to the Desktop. If you press Windows+D again, you will return to the application in which you were working.
Select a System Tray Icon Dialog: Insert+F11. This opens the system tray, where you can change features that run automatically when you start Windows.
Say system time: Insert+F12. Speaks the current time.
Say system date: Insert+ F12 pressed twice quickly. Speaks the current date.
JAWS Find: Control+Insert+F. This allows you to search for a text string on your screen using the JAWS cursor.
JAWS Find Next: Insert+F 3. Uses the JAWS cursor to search for the next occurrence of the text string on your screen.
Say Top Line of Window: Insert+End. Use Insert with the End key on your NumPad. End is the 1 key on the number pad. This keystroke reads the top line of the current window.
Read status line at bottom of Window: Press Insert+NumPad 3. This reads the status line along with the page number if you are in Microsoft Word.
Check Cursor Position: Press Alt+Numpad Delete, (gives vertical and horizontal position on screen in inches. This is very handy if you cannot see the screen, and want to know if pressing the Tab key moved you to the correct position. It can also be used to determine whether a heading is centered.
Read the Controls in a dialog box in tab order: Insert+B. This command is used to read a dialog if it is not spoken, or if you need to hear it again. For example, if you are installing a program, pressing Insert+B will often read context that allows you to choose the correct input.
Virtualize the Current Window: Press Alt+Insert+W. Copies the contents of the current window into a virtual buffer. You can then read through the text, or select it for copying to a Word document or Email message. This is very helpful if you need to send someone the contents of an error message.
If you have a laptop, you may wish to turn on laptop keyboard layout. When this is done, the Caps Lock key becomes the JAWS Key. Now, CapsLock+Down Arrow will invoke the Say All command. CapsLock+Up Arrow is the Say Line command. Caps Lock+t will speak the Window Title.
Note. If you need to turn on Caps Lock mode, double-Tap the Caps Lock two times. This is a toggle, so a double press of Caps Lock will turn Caps Lock off.
Following are some commonly-used Laptop Keystroke commands:
CapsLock+Down Arrow key: Say all.
CapsLock+Up Arrow key: Say current line.
JAWSKey+U: Moves to the prior line and speaks it.
JAWSKey+I: Says the current line.
JAWSKey+O: Moves to the next line and speaks it.
JAWSKey+J: Moves to the prior word and speaks it.
JAWSKey+K: Says the current word.
JAWSKey+L: Moves to the next word and speaks it.
JAWSKey+M: Moves to the prior character and speaks it.
JAWSKey+Comma: Says the current Character.
JAWSKey+Period: Moves to the next character and speaks it.
JAWSKey+Y: Moves to and speaks the prior sentence.
JAWSKey+H: speaks the current sentence.
JAWSKey+N: Moves to and speaks the next sentence.
JAWSKey+Left Bracket: Routes the JAWS Cursor To the PC cursor.
JAWSKey+Apostrophe: Routes the PC cursor to the JAWS cursor.
JAWSKey+P: Activates the JAWS Cursor.
JAWSKey+SemiColon: Activates the PC Cursor.
If you are using a Desktop or a laptop computer with a number pad, you can still use the number pad as before. For this reason, many JAWS users prefer laptop keyboard mode due to the convenience of the extra laptop keystrokes.
The JAWS training materials include an entire lesson on use of the laptop keystrokes. You can locate this lesson as follows if you are using JAWS and if you are connected to the Internet. For this example, we will assume that JAWS is not running in the System Tray.
Press Insert+J to open the JAWS window.
Press Alt+H to open the JAWS Help menu.
Press Enter on the second choice which is Training.
Press Insert+F7 to list the links for the training modules.
Press the letter L to locate the training module called “Laptop Keystrokes with JAWS and MAGic,” then press Enter.
If the module has not yet been installed on the computer, it will install automatically if the computer is connected to the Internet. The lesson will then open.
Press Control+P to listen to the audio recording. This is a toggle, so press Control+P a second time to stop listening to the audio recording.
Alternatively, press JAWS Key+Down Arrow, (the JAWS Say All command), to read through the text using JAWS.
Note. If you have chosen to run JAWS in the System Tray when running the Startup Wizard, you can simply press Insert+J to open the JAWS context menu, then arrow up to the JAWS Help submenu and press Enter to open JAWS Help.
JAWS for Windows works very well with Office 2016 and Office 365. When editing in Microsoft Word, JAWS can echo each character, each word, both characters and words, or nothing at all as you type. The default keyboard setting is chosen in the Startup Wizard. Note that keyboard echo can be adjusted on the fly using Insert+2, (the 2 on the number row is used with the JAWS key to adjust keyboard echo temporarily).
Move one character left: Press Left Arrow. Moves left one character and speaks it.
Move one character right: Press Right Arrow. Moves right one character and speaks it.
Move to next word: Press Control+Right Arrow. Moves right one word and speaks it.
Move to previous word: Press Control+Left Arrow. Moves left one word and speaks it.
Move up one line: Press Up Arrow. Moves up one line and speaks it.
Move down one line: Press Down Arrow. Moves down one line and speaks it.
Move to the end of the current line: Press End. Moves to the end of the current line.
Move to the beginning of the current line: Press Home. Moves to the beginning of the current line.
Move one paragraph up: Press Control+Up Arrow. Moves to the beginning of the previous paragraph and speaks it.
Move one paragraph down: Press Control+Down Arrow. Moves down one paragraph and speaks it. This command is used most often to skim through a document.
Move up one screen of text: Press Page Up. Moves up through the document by one screen or 24 lines.
Move down one screen of text: Press Page Down. Moves down through the document by 24 lines or one screen.
Move up one page: Press Control+Page Up. Moves you up through the document by one page.
Move down one page: Press Control+Page Down. Moves down through a document one page at a time.
Application. If someone tells you that there is an error on page 7, you can use Control+Page Down to quickly locate page 7 of the document. If they tell you which paragraph the error is in, you can use Control+Down Arrow to quickly move to the paragraph where you need to make the correction.
Move to top of document: Press Control+Home. Moves to the top of the current document.
Move to bottom of document: Press Control+End.
Application. If you open a document on which you were previously working, just press Control+End to quickly jump to the bottom of your document where you can continue typing.
Delete one character to the left: Press Backspace. Erases the last character that you typed, and speaks the character that was erased.
Delete one word to the left: Press Control+Backspace. Deletes the last word that you typed and speaks the word as it is deleted.
Delete one character to the right: Press Delete. Pressing the Delete key erases the character that your cursor was under, and it speaks the next character that will be erased if you press it again.
Delete one word to the right: Press Control+Delete. Erases the word that your cursor was on, and speaks the next word that will be erased if you press Control+Delete again.
Suppose that you are using the Down Arrow key to proofread a document by moving down one line at a time. Assume that you hear JAWS say a word that doesn’t sound right. Press Control+Right Arrow to quickly move across the line one word at a time. You can then edit the word. When done, press the Home key to return to the beginning of the current line. Continue using the Down Arrow key to move through the document one line at a time. If you hear another word that you need to correct, you know that pressing Control+Right Arrow will always locate the word that you need to correct.
Save Current Document: Press Control+S. If you have not saved the document before, the Save As dialog will open. Text from the top line of your document will be suggested as a file name. If you want another name, simply type the new name and press Enter to save the document. If you have already saved the document, pressing Control+S will quickly save any additional changes that you made to the document, without prompting you for another name. While typing a long document, it is a good idea to press Control+S from time to time to make sure that your current work is saved as you go.
Open Save As Dialog: Press F12. If you have already saved a document, pressing F12 will open the Save As dialog so that you can save the document under another name, change the file type, or save the document in another location.
Text Analyzer allows you to quickly locate extra spaces, unwanted font changes, and many other inconsistencies that you would not notice when listening to JAWS read through a document.
To turn on the Text Analyzer, press Insert+Spacebar followed by the letter A. Now, when you read through a document line by line, JAWS will inform you of any inconsistencies on each line.
Alternatively, you can press Alt+Windows+I to move the cursor to the next inconsistency.
Text selection commands are used to select or highlight text. You can then use Control+C or Control+X to copy or cut text, followed by Control+V to paste text into another location.
In addition, you can select text and then press Control+D or Control+Shift+F to change its font. If you select text and then type something else, your new text will replace the text that was selected. Or, if you select text and then press the Delete key, the text that you selected will be deleted.
Select one character to the right: Press Shift+Right Arrow. Speaks the next character and the selection status.
Select one character to the left: Press Shift+Left Arrow. Speaks the previous character and the selection status.
Select in forward direction: Press Control+Shift+Right Arrow. Speaks the current word and selection status. If you keep pressing Control+Shift+Right Arrow, you will be selecting one word at a time.
Select in backward direction: Press Control+Shift+Left Arrow. Speaks the current word and selection status. If you continue pressing Control+Shift+Left Arrow, you will be selecting words as you move to the left or backwards through the document.
Select from cursor to end of line: Press Shift+End. This command selects text from the cursor position to the end of the current line. It speaks the word, “Selected,” followed by the text that has been selected.
Select from cursor to beginning of line: Press shift+Home. This command selects the text from the cursor to the beginning of the current line. It speaks the word, “Selected,” followed by the text that has been selected.
Select one line down: Press Shift+Down Arrow. This command selects the line that you are on and speaks it. You can hold down the Shift key and continue pressing Down Arrow to select one line at a time.
Select one line up: Press Shift+Up Arrow. Selects the current line. If you continue pressing Shift+Up Arrow, you will be selecting one line at a time as you move up or backward through your document.
Select to end of paragraph: Press Control+Shift+Down Arrow. Selects to the end of the current paragraph. Hold down Control+Shift, and continue pressing Down Arrow to select one paragraph at a time as you move down through the document.
Select to beginning of paragraph: Press Control+Shift+Up Arrow. Selects to the beginning of the current paragraph. Allows you to select one paragraph at a time as you move up through the document.
Select one screen down: Press Shift+Page Down. Selects the current screen, (24 lines). If you continue to press Shift+Page Down, you will be selecting one screen at a time as you move down through the document.
Select one screen up: Press Shift+Page Up. Selects the current screen, (24 lines). If you continue pressing Shift+Page Up, you will be selecting one screen at a time as you move up or backward through your document.
Select to end of document: Press Control+Shift+End. Selects everything from the current cursor location to the end of the document.
Select to beginning of document: Press Control+Shift+Home. Selects everything from the current cursor location to the beginning of the document.
Select entire document: Press Control+A. Selects your entire document. For example, if you wish to change your document from single to double space, Press Control+A to select the entire document. Then, press Control+2 to make the document double space. Next, press Right Arrow to deselect the text and move to the end of the document.
Use caution when using the control+A command to select an entire document. You can use an arrow key or a command like Control+D to change the font, or Control+1, 2, or 5, to change the line spacing. However, when the entire document has been selected, the entire document will be replaced by any character that you type.
Note. If you inadvertently delete the entire document, press the undo command, (Control+Z), to undo the last keystroke. Continue pressing Control+Z until the document returns to the screen. Alternatively, press Alt+F4 followed by the letter N to close the document without saving the changes.
Say Selected Text: Insert+Shift+Down Arrow. JAWS will speak the text that has been selected. This tells you if your selection worked.
Deselect text: Press any Arrow key. This removes selection or highlighting from any text that has been selected.
Copy selected text or graphics to clipboard: Press Control+C.
Cut selected text or graphics to clipboard: Press Control+X.
Append Text or Graphics to Clipboard: Press Insert+Windows+C. This command adds text to the Windows clipboard instead of replacing it.
Paste text or graphics to current location: Press Control+V.
Open font dialog: Press Control+Shift+F or Control+D. This dialog allows you to choose font type, font size, as well as other font attributes that you wish to apply to text that has been selected.
Open Point Size dialog: Press Control+Shift+P. Allows you to quickly change to another point size.
Application, preparation of a large print document. Suppose that you have a document in 12-point font, and someone needs to have it in 36-point font in order to see it. Press Control+A to select the document. Now, press Control+Shift+P for point size. Type 36 and then press Enter. At this point, press Right Arrow to deselect the text and move to the end of the document. You can then press Control+P followed by Enter to print the large print document.
View list of spelling errors: Press Alt+Shift+L. Brings up a list of the spelling errors in the document. You can then select a word and press Enter. At this point, press the Applications key or Shift+F10 to open a context menu showing suggested spellings. Choose the correct word and press Enter; the incorrect word will be replaced.
View list of grammatical errors: Press Control+Shift+G.
Run Spell Checker: Press F7. When a misspelled word is located, the misspelled word and the first suggested spelling will be spoken. You can press the Tab key to get to the list of suggestions; then arrow down to hear other suggestions. When you get to a suggestion that you want, you can continue to press the Tab key to get to buttons in the dialog that will replace the misspelled word with the selected suggestion, Ignore the word, (for example, a proper name), Change all occurrences of the word, Ignore all occurrences of the word, or add a word to the personal dictionary.
Close the active document: Press Control+F4. Closes the document, but leaves Word open.
Switch between open documents: Press Control+F6.
Insert page break: Press Control+Enter.
Suppose that you want to mark a large block of text so that you can copy it to the Windows clipboard and then paste it into another document or into an Email message. With JAWS, you can mark a block of text as follows.
Locate the beginning of the text that you wish to mark.
Press Control+Windows+K. JAWS will say, “Marking place.”
Now, read to the end of the text that you wish to select, or move there quickly by pressing Control+Down Arrow to move through the document one paragraph at a time.
At this point, press Insert+Spacebar followed by the letter M for mark. JAWS will say, “Selecting between marked place and current position.”
You can now press Control+C to copy the selected block to the Windows clipboard; Control+x to cut the block to the Windows clipboard; or Insert+Windows+C to append the block of text to text that is already on the Windows clipboard.
Note. If you use this method of block selection to copy and paste text from the Internet to a Word document, the Internet format will be preserved. This means, for example, that the format of a table will be retained when it is pasted into Microsoft Word.
Suppose that you wish to return to a mark. You can press Alt+Windows+K to return to a mark. This lets you explore a document or a web page, and then return quickly to a point that you have marked.
When you press Alt+Windows+k, you will be returned to your mark and JAWS will say, “returning to marked place.”
Suppose that you are reading a table in Microsoft Word. You can navigate through the table by holding down the Control and Alt keys and then using the Right, Left, Up and Down arrow keys to move by cell. For example, Control+Alt+Right arrow will move right one cell at a time until you reach the end of the current row.
A layered keystroke has been added that makes it much easier to read tables. You can use it as follows.
Locate a table that you wish to read. While in the table, press Insert+Spacebar followed by the letter T. You can now use the Up, Down, Left and Right arrow keys to move between cells in the table. It is no longer necessary to hold down the Control and Alt keys. To exit table reading mode, press the Escape key.
The following commands are available when using the table layered keystroke.
List the keystrokes you can use in this layer: QUESTION MARK.
Move to cell above: below: left, or right: ARROW Key in any direction.
Say current cell: NUMPAD 5.
Move to the beginning of the current row: HOME.
Move to the end of the current row: END.
Jump to the first cell in a table: CTRL+HOME.
Jump to the last cell in a table: CTRL+END.
Move to the beginning of the current column: CONTROL+UP ARROW.
Move to the bottom of the current column: CONTROL+DOWN ARROW.
Move to the beginning of the current row: CONTROL+LEFT ARROW.
Move to end of current row: CONTROL+RIGHT ARROW.
Jump to next table: CONTROL+ENTER.
Jump to prior table: CONTROL+SHIFT+ENTER.
Read the current row: SHIFT+UP ARROW.
Read from the current cell: SHIFT+PAGE UP.
Read to the current cell: SHIFT+HOME.
Read the current column: SHIFT+NUMPAD 5.
Read to the bottom of the column: SHIFT+PAGE DOWN.
Read from the top of the column: SHIFT+END.
Open Document Dialog: Press Control+O. You can then type the name of the document and press Enter to open it. Or, press Shift+Tab to get to a list of files in the Documents folder. Then, arrow down to the document you want to open and press Enter.
Apply or remove bold formatting: Press Control+B. If text is selected, it will be bolded. If no text is selected, any text that you type will be bolded. If you use the second approach, be sure to press Control+B to turn off bolding when you get to the end of text that you want to be in bold format.
Apply or remove underline formatting: Press Control+U.
Apply or remove Italic formatting: Press Control+I.
Center text: Press Control+E. Centers the text of the paragraph that you are in. Or, it centers text that has been selected.
Left align text: Press Control+L.
Right align text: Press Control+R.
Remove character formatting from selected text: Press Control+Shift+Z. If you select text and then press Control+Shift+Z, formatting will be returned to the default. Thus, if you had a document in large 36-point font, you could press Control+A to select the entire document. Then, press Control+Shift+Z to return the document to its default format, (usually 12-point times new roman).
Indent paragraph from the left: Press Control+M.
Remove a paragraph indent from the left: Press Control+Shift+M.
Add hanging indent: Press Control+T.
Remove hanging indent: Press Control+Shift+T.
Say font and point size at cursor: Insert+F.
Undo last action taken: Press Control+Z.
Check line and column position: Press Insert+Numpad Delete.
Check Page and Section number: Press Insert+Numpad Page Down.
You can quickly apply heading styles as follows:
Heading level 1: Control+Alt+1.
Heading level 2: Control+Alt+2.
Heading Level 3: Control+Alt+3.
Application. Suppose that you want your Introduction to have a heading 1 style which is bolded 16-point.
Make sure that the Word “Introduction” is on a line by itself.
Press Home to get to the beginning of the line.
Press Shift+End to select the line.
Press Control+Alt+1 to apply the heading level 1 style.
Headings are extremely useful for users of JAWS.
1. Headings highlight new sections and topics so that readers of your document can quickly locate important items.
2. JAWS users can use Quick Keys to quickly skim through documents by section. Press Insert+Z to turn on Quick Keys. Now, press the letter H to move forward by heading; press Shift+H to move back one heading at a time. Or, press the number 1 to quickly move through all level 1 headings in your document. After locating the desired heading, press Insert+Z to turn off Quick Keys if you plan to edit the document.
3. JAWS can be used to list headings. Press Insert+F6 to generate a list of all the headings in your document. You can now locate headings by using first-letter navigation. When you press Enter, you will move quickly to the location of the heading in your document.
4. Headings can be used to generate a Table of Contents for your document.
Use of Headings to Generate a Table of Contents.
1. Inserting page numbers. By default, Microsoft Word does not insert page numbers. Prior to creating a Table of Contents, you can insert page numbers as follows:
A. Make sure that the JAWS virtual ribbon bar is turned off so that the key tips will work.
B. Press Control+Home to move to the top of your document.
C. Press Alt+I followed by U to open the dialog for inserting page numbers.
D. Tab to the Alignment combo box and choose Center.
E. Tab to the OK button and press Enter to insert page numbers.
Your document will now contain page numbers that are centered at the bottom of each page.
2. Inserting the Table of Contents.
A. Press Control+Home to move to the top of your document. Now, arrow down past the introductory materials to a point just above the first heading. Press Enter a few times to insert some blank lines; then press Control+Enter to insert a manual page break above the first heading in the document. I generally leave a blank line between the end of the introductory information and the point where the Table of Contents is inserted.
B. Press Up Arrow a couple of times; then use the following commands to insert the Table of Contents:
First, it is a good idea to press Control+S to save your work. For efficiency, I use the following shortcuts to insert the contents.
Press Alt+I, then press the letter N, then press the letter D to open the Index and Tables dialog. You will probably land in the Index Tab.
Press Control+Tab one time to get to the Table of Contents tab.
Press Shift+Tab two times to get to the OK button; then press Enter.
Pressing Down Arrow a few times will confirm that the Table of Contents has been inserted into the document.
C. Updating a Table of Contents. As you work on your report or paper, it is likely that content will change so that you need to update the Table of Contents. This can be done quickly as follows:
From anywhere in your document, press Alt+I, then N, then D. You will land in the Table of Contents tab since this tab was the one that was used last.
Press Shift+Tab two times to get to the OK button; then press Enter.
You will receive a prompt asking if you want to replace the Table of Contents.
Press Enter on the Yes button. The Table of Contents will be updated to reflect the additional content, and your cursor will be placed just above the updated Table of Contents.
JAWS has a Quick Key Navigation mode that can be very helpful if you have a document with headings. When Quick Keys is turned on, you can use Internet-style navigation commands.
Press Insert+Z to toggle Quick Keys on.
When you are done using Quick Keys to navigate through the document, press Insert+Z to turn Quick Keys off.
A few commonly-used Quick Navigation keys are the following.
H: Moves to the next heading.
Shift+H: Moves to the previous heading.
T: Moves to the next table.
Shift+T: moves to the previous table.
Spacebar: Moves to the next page.
Backspace: Moves to the previous page.
P: Moves to the next paragraph.
Shift+P: Moves to the previous paragraph.
M: Moves to the next spelling error.
Note. When quick keys is turned on, editing is not allowed, so you cannot make any changes to the document. For this reason, Quick Keys is a good way to review a document when you don't want to make any inadvertent changes.
You can also use Quick Key Navigation when you are reading a document using the Say All command, (Insert+Down Arrow).
Application. If you are using Say All to read a document and press the Spacebar, you will move to the next page and Jaws will continue reading at the new location.
Following is a list of all of the Quick Navigation keystrokes.
Description: Quick Key.
Next Grammatical Error: A.
Next Bookmark: B.
Next Endnote: D.
Next Edit: E.
Next Form Field: F.
Next Graphic: G.
Next Heading: H.
Next Misspelled Word: M.
Next Comment: N.
Next Footnote: O.
Next Paragraph: P.
Next Revision (when using Track Changes): R.
Next Section: S.
Next Table: T.
Next Word in Word Index List: W.
Move forward out of a table or list: Greater than, (Shift+Period).
Move backward out of a table or list: Less Than, (Shift+Comma).
Next Page: Spacebar.
Previous Page: Backspace.
Suppose that you are writing a document in Microsoft Word and wish to check for and correct spelling errors. Do the following.
Press Control+Home to move to the top of the document.
Press Insert+Z to turn on Quick Keys mode.
Press the letter M to move to the first spelling error.
Press Insert+Z to turn off Quick Keys mode.
Press the Applications key or Shift+F10 to open a context menu showing a list of suggestions, (you will land on the first suggestion which is the most likely).
Press Enter on a suggestion to make the correction.
Note. If you are reviewing a list of suggestions and wish to determine the spelling of the current selection, press Insert+Numpad5 twice quickly, (you can also press Capslock+K twice quickly if laptop mode is turned on).
You can navigate through the ribbon bars using the JAWS Virtual Ribbon bar. When you first install JAWS and run the Startup Wizard, you can check a box that turns on the Virtual ribbon bar. We generally do not recommend this, because all key tips are turned off when the virtual ribbon bar has been enabled. The virtual ribbon bar can be turned on whenever you need to look for a function using JAWS.
When virtual ribbons are turned on, you can do the following in a program like Microsoft Word.
Press the Alt key to get to the Virtual Ribbon bar. Use Right or Left Arrow to move through the choices on the top ribbon.
When you get to a group that you want, press the Down Arrow to open it. When you come to a Submenu, press Right Arrow to open it, or Left Arrow to close it. You can use Up Arrow to move back up the tree after closing a submenu. Or, just press the Escape a couple of times to return to the top ribbon. Pressing the Escape key one more time will close the ribbon bar.
Press insert+V to turn on Quick Settings. Type the word “virtual” without the quotation marks; then press Enter.
Arrow down to select the Virtual Ribbon bar option.
Press the Spacebar to toggle this option between on and off.
Press Enter two times to save the setting.
JAWS contains a very powerful feature called “Research It.” Research It allows you to quickly find news stories in Reuters, words in Wiktionary, , encyclopedia articles in Wikipedia, Weather, Businesses, Books available in Bookshare, and much more.
To start Research It, press Insert+Spacebar followed by the letter R. A dialog will open with an edit field where you can enter a search word or phrase, a list of 18 search topics as of this writing, a read-only field explaining each search topic, OK and Cancel buttons, a checkbox for Maintain word or phrase history, and an Options button.
Application. Using Wiktionary.
Press Insert+Spacebar followed by R to start Research It.
For this example, type the word "ubiquitous" in the search field.
Tab to the list of lookup choices and choose the first one which is Wiktionary.
Press Enter to start the lookup. You will be provided with the definition of the word, plus synonyms. If you choose, you can actually select the definition, copy it to the clipboard, press Escape to close the results viewer, and then press Control+V to paste the definition into a document.
Now, suppose that you want to determine the weather in Calcutta, India. Do the following.
Press Insert+Spacebar followed by R for Research It.
Type "Calcutta; India" in the lookup field, then press Tab to get to the list of lookup categories. A semicolon is used to separate the city from the state or country.
Now, Tab to the list of choices and press the letter W until you land on Weather; then press Enter.
You will be given the current weather information for Calcutta, India. When done reading, press Escape to close the Results viewer.
You can use Research It to look up books on Bookshare to see if they are available.
Press Insert+Spacebar followed by the letter R for Research It.
For this example, type “Gone with the Wind,” then press Tab to get to the list of categories.
Press the letter B until you get to Bookshare Book Search, then press Enter. Several choices will be shown.
Arrow down to the link to Gone with the Wind, and press Enter. You will be taken directly to the Bookshare login page. Here, enter your Login and Password if they are not already there, then arrow down to the Login button and press Enter. You will be taken directly to the page from which Gone with the Wind by Margaret Mitchell can be downloaded.
Select the Download button, and press Enter to quickly download Gone with the Wind. If you are using Internet Explorer 9 or above, press Alt+N to locate the information bar; then arrow down to the Save choice and press Enter. If you are using Windows 7, the book will be saved in the Downloads folder.
If you are done with Bookshare, press Alt+F4 to close the page.
Press the Windows key to open the Start Menu; you will land in a Search field.
Type “downloads” and then press Enter.
Use your arrow keys to locate the Gone with the Wind archive; but do not press Enter.
Press the Applications key, Shift+F10, or do a Right Mouse click to open the context menu.
Arrow down to the Extract All choice; then press Enter.
To simplify output, Tab to the “Show Extracted Files” choice and press Spacebar to uncheck it.
Now, Tab to the Extract button, and press Enter or Spacebar to extract the book from the .zip archive.
FSReader version 3.0 displays DAISY books in .HTML format. This means that, when using JAWS, you can quickly navigate through the book using Internet commands such as H for Next heading, or Shift+H for Previous Heading. You can also set bookmarks by pressing Control+B, and list those Bookmarks by pressing Control+K.
Press Windows+D to bring JAWS focus to the Desktop.
Press the letter F until JAWS says, “FS Reader;” then press Enter to open the program.
Press Alt+F to open the File menu. Here, you have several choices including Open, Open JAWS Training Table of Contents, Add UAK, (for example, to read Learning Ally books), followed by a list of JAWS training materials.
For this example, choose Open, (the first option), and press Enter.
Press Tab five times to get to the Look In combo box; then choose Downloads and press Enter..
Select the Gone with the Wind folder; then press Enter.
Select the Gone with the Wind.opf file, and press Enter. The book will open and tell you that you have 87 headings and two links.
Press the letter H until you get to Chapter I; then press F6 to bring focus to the reading pane.
With JAWS, press Insert+Down Arrow to read through the text. Press CTRL when you wish to stop.
If you close the FSReader program and then open the book, you will be returned to the same place in the book. But, to be on the safe side, press Control+B for Bookmark. Enter any name for the bookmark that you wish; then press Enter.
Press Alt+F4 to close the program.
Now, re-open FSReader.
Press Shift+Tab two times to locate the Gone with the Wind.opf file; then press Spacebar to select it.
Press Enter to open the book.
You will be returned to the point at which you were reading.
If you want a list of your Bookmarks, press Control+K; you can then arrow to any bookmark that you have created and press Enter to go to its position.
Training materials for JAWS are being updated on a regular basis. Training updates can be quickly downloaded if they are not already on your computer. All you need is a connection to the Internet. Locate training materials as follows:
1. Make sure you have an Internet connection.
2. Press Insert+J to open the JAWS Window.
3. Press Alt+H to open the JAWS Help menu. Training will be the second choice, so press Down Arrow and then press Enter to open the training materials Table of Contents.
If another book opens, just press Control+J to quickly open the JAWS Training Table of Contents.
4. Select any training link that you wish, and press Enter to open it.
5. If the topic that you chose has not yet been downloaded, it will be downloaded automatically and then it will open.
6. You can either read through the document using JAWS, or you can press Control+P to listen to the audio recording.
Since all of the training materials are now in .html format, pressing the letter H will move through the book section by section.
JAWS includes a feature that allows users to quickly locate JAWS commands. Suppose that you know a function that is available in JAWS for Windows, but cannot remember the exact command. JAWS now gives you the ability to do a command search as follows.
Press the layered keystroke, Insert+Spacebar followed by J. JAWS will say, “Search for JAWS commands,” and will place you in an edit box where you can enter a search. Do not press Enter; just arrow down to hear the results. Alternatively, press the letter H to skim through the results. You can do this, because the results are displayed in HTML format. When you are done reading the results, press the Escape key or press Alt+F4 to exit the Command Search feature.
Suppose that you have copied text to the Clipboard, and wish to append additional text, but cannot remember the exact command. Press Insert+Spacebar, J; and then type the word “append”. Arrow down through the search results.
Note that the results are displayed as both headings and links. Thus, if you press Enter when you hear the result, the command will be executed and the text will be appended to the Clipboard.
Jaws will say, “Append Selected Text to Clipboard.” Insert + Windows + C.”
If a Braille display is connected, the Command Search feature allows you to find Braille display commands.
The command search feature is specific to programs that are supported by JAWS. Suppose that you are running Excel in Office 2016 and want to locate commands related to formulas. Do the following:
First, open Microsoft Excel.
Now, press Insert+Spacebar, then J. Type the word, “formula,” in the edit box that appears. JAWS will return the following results:
Say Formula. JawsKey + Control + F2.
Speaks the formula of the current cell or presents it in a message box for easier review if the attached keystroke is pressed twice quickly.
Say Row Total. Insert+Delete.
Reads the current row’s total. If the column containing row totals has not been defined, then JAWS will search from the current column to the edge of the data region looking for a cell whose formula contains a SUM identifier. If a cell is found with a formula containing the SUM identifier then this cell’s contents are spoken as the row’s total.
Say Column Total. Insert+Enter.
Reads the current column’s total. If the row containing column totals has not been defined, then JAWS will search from the current row to the bottom of the data region looking for a cell whose formula contains a SUM identifier. If a cell is found with a formula containing the SUM identifier, then this cell’s contents are spoken as the column’s total.
Note that if you want to save a list of commands for later reference, you can select and paste the search results into a document. I use the “Paste Special command, “Insert+E, S, then U; and use the arrow keys to select unformatted text.” This ensures that the text that you paste into your document will have the same format as the document that you are writing.
Internet commands. if you are working on the Internet and want to find the command for listing the headings on a page, entering “List headings” in the edit box will yield the command Insert+F6.
Word commands. suppose that you are in Microsoft Word and need to find the Navigation keys that are available for Word. Press Insert+Spacebar, J, and then type the word “navigation” into the edit box. JAWS will display the command to turn on the Navigation keys, (Insert+Z), but will also list the Quick Navigation keys that are available.
As you arrow down through the search results, you can press Enter on the link to activate the command. Thus, if you press Enter on the “Navigation Mode Toggle,” the Quick Navigation keys will be turned on.
There are now three ways to read Forms with JAWS, (Auto Forms mode, Manual Forms Mode, and Semi-Auto Forms mode.
With Auto-Forms mode, (the default), Forms Mode is automatically turned on and activates as soon as you press Tab or use Up or Down Arrow to navigate to a form field.
With Manual Forms mode, you must press Enter on a form field to turn on Forms Mode, and you must press NumPad Plus or Escape to turn Forms Mode Off.
With Semi-Auto-Forms mode, Forms Mode turns on only when you press Enter or use Tab or Shift+Tab to move to the form field. This allows experienced Internet users to arrow quickly through a form without having Forms Mode turn on and off.
If you are on the Internet, you can toggle quickly between these settings by pressing Insert+V to turn on Quick Settings. Type the word “forms” in the Search edit box. Now press Down Arrow until you get to “Auto Forms Mode Auto.” Here, press the Spacebar to toggle between Auto, Semi-Auto and Manual Forms Mode; then Tab to the OK button and Press Enter.
In the same manner, Forms Mode can be changed in the settings Center which is one of the JAWS managers that are available when you press Insert+F2.
The Convenient OCR feature allows you to recognize entire image-only documents. Suppose that you attempt to open a document and get a message that there is no text. Do the following:
Press Insert+Spacebar followed by O for OCR.
Press the letter D for document.
The entire document will be recognized and will appear on your screen. You can read through the document using JAWS, or copy the entire file into a Word document.
When Convenient OCR has finished recognizing the document, it will appear on your screen.
Press Control+A to select the entire document.
Press Control+C to copy the selected text to the Windows clipboard.
Start Microsoft Word.
Press Control+V to paste the text into the Word document.
You can now save the document as a Word file.
New in JAWS 2018. A Pearl Camera or a scanner can be used to scan printed documents. Do this as follows:
Use the layered keystroke Insert+Spacebar followed by O for OCR.
Now, press the letter A to Acquire text. A dialog opens that allows you to choose the scanner or camera. Press Enter to scan a page.
If you are using a Pearl camera, the camera light will be turned on, and the orientation of the page will be announced. The text will be placed in the Results Viewer so that it can be selected and pasted into a Word document.
Note. The Acquire text dialog also includes an automatic scanning feature. The automatic scanning feature uses a motion sensor in the Pearl camera to detect when the page has been turned.
MathML is a language for including mathematical content on the Internet so that formulas and equations appear as they would on paper. JAWS now allows students to hear and explore this content.
When you encounter math content on the Internet, JAWS will say “Math Content.” At this point, press Enter to open the Math Viewer. You can now press Right Arrow or Left Arrow to hear each element of the equation.
Press Control+Right Arrow or Control+Left Arrow to hear each element in greater detail.
If the equation has multiple levels, (for example, the Quadratic Formula), you can use Down or Up Arrow to view the different levels.
You can try the Math Viewer by navigating to the following web site using Internet Explorer or Firefox.
Even if you are in a Microsoft Word document that contains Mathematical expressions, JAWS will read the content, though you will not be able to display or view the lower levels of expressions or fractions.
You can now open the JAWS Help menu and quickly locate a More Voices option. This takes you to a web page where you can download Vocalizer Expressive voices in many languages.
The user can press Spacebar+Left or Right panning button to pan left or right on the current line. This allows the user to see all of the text on the current line without wrapping to the next line.
The following features have been added in JAWS 2018.
Use the layered keystroke, (Insert+Spacebar followed by S), to start Speech on Demand. JAWS will no longer talk automatically as you type. It will only speak when you tell it to. For example, Insert+Up Arrow will speak the current line. Or, Insert+Down Arrow will read the entire document. This command is a toggle. So, you can press Insert+Spacebar followed by S to turn automatic speech on again.
Speech on Demand is very helpful for Braille users, or for users who are using screen magnification.
If the sound card that JAWS is using has been muted, it will be unmuted automatically when JAWS restarts. In addition, if the sound card volume has been set to zero, it will automatically reset to 50 percent when JAWS restarts. The Screen Refresh command, (Insert+Escape), will also reset the sound card.
A privacy feature called “Screen Shade,” has been added to JAWS 2018. If the user wants privacy, then Insert+Spacebar followed by F11, or Insert+Spacebar followed by Printscreen will darken the screen. This is a toggle, so repeating the command will toggle Screen Shade off.
Note that Screen Shade will always be turned off when JAWS restarts.
Beginning with JAWS 2018, you can press Insert+Spacebar, and then press a question mark to obtain a list of all of the layered keystroke commands. The commands will be displayed in the Results Viewer, so that you can review the commands easily. Or, you could copy all of the commands and paste them into a Word document for printing.
When reading web content using the Virtual Cursor, three verbosity levels are now available.
High: JAWS speaks the most information about elements on a web page or in a PDF document.
Medium, (the default), provides the best user experience on most pages, and
Low: Speaks as little information as possible.
If desired, the verbosity level can be changed in the Web Verbosity level of the Settings Center.
Move to next misspelled word: Control+Apostrophe.
Move to previous misspelled Word: Control+Shift+Apostrophe.
In general, a new JAWS version is released in October of each year. Additional updates and improvements may be added throughout the year. You can learn about JAWS updates as follows:
Press Insert+J to open the JAWS window or the JAWS menu.
Open the Help submenu and press Enter.
Open the What's New item.
Press F6 to move to the reading pane.
You can now press Insert+Down Arrow to read through the new JAWS features. Or, press the letter H to move by heading and quickly locate the item you are looking for.
This is a Windows setting, but I have included it in the JAWS training materials because it makes the computer easier to use for persons using a screen reader.
Suppose that your computer is not speaking file extensions. This is a problem because, if you are relying on JAWS, you cannot tell if you are on a folder, a Word document, or perhaps an Excel document. This issue can be quickly remedied as follows:
Press the Windows key; you will land in a search field.
Type “folder options,” without the quotation marks, then press Enter. You will land on the General page for folder options.
Press Control+Tab to quickly get to the View page.
Press Tab to get to the Tree view.
Arrow down about 10 times until you hear, “Hide extensions for known file types, on.”
Press the Spacebar to uncheck this item.
Tab to Apply and press Enter.
Press Enter on the Apply to all folders button then choose the Yes button.
Tab to OK and press Enter.
All of the file extensions will now speak so that the student will know if he or she is on a Word document, an Excel file, or maybe a PowerPoint presentation. In addition, if the student doesn’t hear a file extension at all, he or she will know that they are focused on a folder.
In this example, I will use a shortcut to quickly add an Endnote.
Before starting, press Control+End to move to the bottom of the document.
Press Control+Enter to insert a hard page break. This will ensure that the Endnotes will start on a new page.
Press Alt+I, then press the letter N two times. The Footnote and EndNote dialog will open. You land on a radio button that allows you to choose footnotes or endnotes.
Press Down Arrow to choose the endnote option.
Press Tab. You are now on a combo box where you can specify whether footnotes appear at the bottom of the page or below text. Leave this unchanged.
Pressing Tab again shows the number format combo box. You can press Alt+Down arrow if you want to change the number format.
At this point, Tab to the Insert button and press Enter. You will be placed at the end of the document where you can write the footnote.
When done, press Control+Home to move to the top of your document. Or, you can use the Go To command, (Control+G), to return to the pag where you inserted the footnote.